The legal status of fictional pornography depicting minors varies from country to country. Laws in some jurisdictions define two categories: cartoon depictions, and realistic simulated depictions. Some analysts have argued whether or not cartoon pornography that depicts minors is a victimless crime. Currently, countries that have made it illegal to possess as well as create and distribute sexual images of fictional characters who are described as or appear to be under eighteen years old include New Zealand, Australia, Canada, South Africa, South Korea, and the United Kingdom. All sexualized depictions of people under the age of 18 are illegal in Australia , and there is a "zero-tolerance" policy in place. In December , a man from Sydney was convicted of possessing child pornography after sexually explicit pictures of child characters from The Simpsons were found on his computer.
The court warned, however, that "an artist must be aware that artistic freedom is not an absolute principle". Paragraph 1 of Article This law also applies to drawings depicting minors, as in January a court in Bryansk sentenced a transgender woman to three years in prison for posting erotic drawings on her webpage. With the promulgation of the Films and Publications Amendment Bill in Septembera broad range of simulated child pornography became illegal in South Africa.
For the purposes of the act, any image or description of a person "real or simulated" who is depicted or described as being under the age of 18 years and engaged in sexual conduct, broadly defined, constitutes "child pornography".
The Coroners and Justice Act of April c. This act makes cartoon pornography depicting minors illegal in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Since Scotland has its own legal system, the Coroners and Justice Act does not apply. This act did not replace the act, extended insince that covered " pseudo-photographs "-images that appear to be photographs. In it was further extended to cover tracings and other works derived from photographs or pseudo-photographs.
Prior to this, although not explicitly in the statutes, the law was interpreted to apply to cartoon images, though only where the images are realistic and indistinguishable from photographs.
In the government was giving close consideration to the issues and options regarding cartoon pornographyaccording to Vernon Coaker. The children's charity NCH stated that "this is a welcome announcement which makes a clear statement that drawings or computer-generated images of child abuse are as unacceptable as a photograph". Others stated that the intended law would limit artistic expression, patrol peoples' imaginations, and that it is safer for pedophiles' fantasies "to be enacted in their computers or imaginations [rather] than in reality".
The current law was foreshadowed in Maywhen the Government announced plans to criminalise all non-realistic sexual images depicting unders. The Act made it illegal to own any picture depicting unders participating in sexual activities, or depictions of sexual activity in the presence of someone under 18 years old. The law was condemned by a coalition of graphic artists, publishers, and MPs, who feared it would criminalise graphic novels such as Lost Girls and Watchmen.
The government claimed that publication or supply of such material could be illegal under the Obscene Publications Actif a jury would consider it to have a tendency to "deprave and corrupt". In OctoberRobul Hoque was convicted of possessing up to explicit manga images involving fictional children, in the UK's first prosecution of its kind.
He received a 9-month suspended sentence. He was also warned in court that had he been in possession of actual child pornography, he would have been sentenced to jail for a longer term in years. Real child porn is illegal, considered to be any records of "any situation that involves a child or adolescent in explicit, real or simulated sexual activities, or the display of the genital organs of a child or adolescent for primarily sexual purposes.
In other words, what the law sanctions is the participation, real or simulated through, for example, the use of photomontage techniqueof a real child or adolescent in a scene with explicit sexual content. In Belgium, only pornographic art that realistically depicts underage characters is illegal. The Supreme Court of Justice of Colombia ruled in that "artificial child pornography" is not a crime. This applies to non nude photographs, drawings, animation, and situations that do not involve actual abuse.
Teen erleader forced into split: "The world is a scary place" Denver police are investigating a series of disturbing videos involving high school erleaders Parents and critics were shocked when the popular Netflix series 'Chilling Adventures of Sabrina' featured steaming orgy scene with underage characters. The second of showrunner Roberto Aguirre-Sacasa's series to ditch the wholesome family values of the original intellectual property U.S. law distinguishes between pornographic images of an actual minor, realistic images that are not of an actual minor, and non-realistic images such as drawings. The latter two categories are legally protected unless found to be obscene, whereas the first does not require a finding of obscenity
There are no laws in Denmark which prohibit pornographic drawings of children. Results of a Danish government study done in failed to show how reading cartoons depicting child pornography will lead to actual child abuse. Producing and distributing pornography which realistically or factually depicts a child-basically photographic images-is illegal in Finland and punishable by a fine or up to two years' imprisonment.
Possession of such pornography is punishable by a fine or imprisonment for up to one year. Realistic and factual visual depiction of a child appearing in sexual acts is defined as it having "been produced in a situation in which a child has actually been the object of sexually offensive conduct and realistic, if it resembles in a misleading manner a picture or a visual recording produced through photography or in another corresponding manner of a situation in which a child is the object of sexually offensive conduct".
Purely fantasy-based virtual child pornography-in this case, drawings and paintings-remains legal by Finnish law because it has no connection to a real abuse situation; also, such depictions may serve informational or artistic purposes which can make even reality-based images legal. In principle, the regulations in Chapter 1 of the German Criminal Law for offenses against sexual self-determination also prevent the public advocation and the degradation of minors as sexual objects.
pro-contact pedophiles say kids enjoy sex, and it's all society's fault they feel guilty about it later. I don't think the pro-contacts ever come to the Abuse forum or ever read any of our stories. Prairie gal Consumer 6 Posts: Joined: Wed May 28, pm Local time: Fri Mar 26, am Blog: View Blog (0) Top. Re: I was abused as a child and I liked it *TW* by writeaboutit Barbarella on IMDb: Movies, TV, Celebs, and more Oscars Best Picture Winners Best Picture Winners Golden Globes Emmys Women's History Month STARmeter Awards San Diego Comic-Con New York Comic-Con Sundance Film Festival Toronto Int'l Film Bend your child over your knee. Sit down, then pull the child over your lap. Pull down the child's pants and/or underwear, if you have chosen to spank either over panties or boxers, or on the bare bottom. Ask your child not to stand up
Nevertheless, due to the guaranteed freedom of art,  fictional works were officially deemed legal or can be cked by a legal opinion. On the other hand, it did not regard the sanction of the regulation as fulfilled in the case of "child pornographic novels, drawings and cartoons", because their possession did not contribute to children being abused as "actors" in pornographic recordings.
Virtual child pornography is punished with up to a third of the sanctions for real-life child pornography. Virtual images include images, or parts of images, produced and modified with software from actual photos of minors, where the quality makes it so that fake situations are manipulated to appear realistic. Pornographic art depicting fictional underage characters loliconshotacon is legal in Japan.
This new law went into full effect in banning real life child pornography. Supporters of regulating simulated pornography in Japan claim to advocate human rights and children's rights such as the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Opponents such as the Japan Federation of Bar Associations ja:??????? also claim to advocate for the rights of children, pointing out the decreasing numbers in sexually motivated crimes are due to simulated materials providing an outlet to those who would otherwise seek material depicting actual children.
Possession of child pornography is illegal in Argentina with prison sentences between three and six years. Photorealistic lit. Estonian law does not make a difference between real and fictional child pornography, though as of nobody has been charged with the latter.
Inthe state tried to charge an Estonian writer under such charges for having produced extremely obscene material featuring children, even though fictional. While he won in court, an attempt to change the law to only apply to real children did not pass, making fictional child pornography technically chargeable in the country. On October 1,the Netherlands introduced legislation Bulletin of Acts and Decrees which deemed "virtual child pornography" illegal. In January the law was expanded and non-realistic D images are now counted as child pornography.
In a case, after viewing the images in question, which were created on a computer, the court opined that the virtual child pornography images did not fall under criminal law.
The court concludes that it is immediately obvious to the average viewer that the event is not real and that the images are manipulated images and not realistic. Spain allows drawn pornography which does not resemble real children, including cartoons, manga or similar representations, as the law does not consider them to be properly 'realistic images'.
The Attorney General's Office considers that only extremely realistic images should be pursued. According to the Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy 'realist' means that which 'tries to adjust to reality'.
Therefore, 'realistic images' will be images close to the reality which they try to imitate. Therefore having realistic simulation materials that showing child porn, such as simulation pictures or videos, will be encountered penalty.
Any images or videos that depict children in a pornographic context are to be considered child pornography in Swedeneven if they are drawings. These laws have been recorded in the media being put into play in Uppsala : the district court punished a man with a monetary fine and probation for possession of manga-style images. The man possessing the illustrations, as well as his lawyerstated that a comic character is not a person a comic character is a comic character and nothing else and that a person does not have cat ears, giant eyes, or a tail and that a person has a nose.
Some of the pictures featured illustrations of characters with these unusual body parts. The prosecutor and an expert on child pornography argued that these body parts had no effect and that the comic characters indeed were persons.
As examples of what is not a person, the child pornography expert mentioned The Simpsons and Donald Duck. They decided that the images were not realistic and could not be mistaken for real children, and that they therefore could not be counted as exceptions to the constitutional law of freedom of speech.
One picture was still considered realistic enough to be defined as child pornography according to Swedish law. However, his possession of it was considered defensible through his occupation as a professional expert of Japanese culture, particularly manga. In the United States, pornography is generally protected as a form of personal expression, and thus governed by the First Amendment to the Constitution.
Where pornography ceases to be protected expression is when it fails the Miller obscenity testas the Supreme Court of the United States held in in Miller v.
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Another case, New York v. Ferberheld that if pornography depicts real child abuse or a real child victim, as a result of photographing a live performance for instance, then it is not protected speech. InU. Congress introduced the Child Pornography Prevention Act of CPPA to ate the types of pornographic media featuring minors considered illegal under U.
federal law. Inthe United States Supreme Court ruled in Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition that two provisions of the CPPA were facially invalid due to being overbroad and covering certain cts of protected speech, such as the non-pornographic film American Beauty.
The case also reaffirmed both the Miller and Ferber decisions. In response to Ashcroft v. Free Speech CoalitionCongress passed the PROTECT Act of also dubbed the Amber Alert Law which was signed into law on April 0,by President George W. The Act was careful to separate cases of virtual pornography depicting minors into two different categories of law: Child pornography law and obscenity law.
In regards to child pornography law, the Act modified the previous wording of "appears to be a minor" with "indistinguishable from that of a minor" phrasing.
This definition does not apply to depictions that are drawings, cartoons, sculptures, or paintings depicting minors or adults. The PROTECT Act also enacted 18 U. obscenity law:. Thus, virtual and drawn pornographic depictions of minors may still be found illegal under U. federal obscenity law.
The obscenity law further states in section C "It is not a required element of any offense under this section that the minor depicted actually exist. Laws governing non-child pornography are guided by the Miller Standard, a three-prong test used by courts to dictate obscenity according to the "average person's" point of view of the standards of the community as well as state law.
The parts follow: "appeals to prurient interests", "depicts or describes, in a patently offensive way, sexual conduct" as described by law, and "taken as a whole, lack serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value. By the statute's own terms, the law does not make all fictional child pornography illegal, only that found to be obscene or lacking in serious value. The mere possession of said images is not a violation of the law unless it can be proven that they were transmitted through a common carrier, such as the mail or the internet, transported across state lines, or of an amount that showed intent to distribute.
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The first major case occurred in Decemberwhen Dwight Whorley was convicted in Richmond, Virginia under 18 U. Response to "18 U. In particular the law testing the criminalization of a "visual depiction of any kind" has since been tried in courts. In Octobera year-old Iowa comic collector named Christopher Handley was prosecuted for possession of explicit lolicon manga. The judge ruled that two parts of the act that were broader than the Miller standard, A a 2 and b 2were unconstitutionally overbroad as applied specifically to this case, but Handley still faced an obscenity charge.
A later ruling in United States v. Dean called the overbreadth ruling into question because the Handley case failed to prove that A a 2 and b 2 were substantially overbroad on their face; Dean was convicted under the sections previously deemed unconstitutional due to the fact that the overbroadth claim in Handley was an as-applied overbroadth challenge, and was therefore limited to the facts and circumstances of that casewhereas in Dean the defendant was charged under A a 2 for possession of material constituting actual child pornography, which does not require a finding of obscenity, and was read to fall within the language of the relevant statute.
The facts of this case precluded Dean from satisfying the substantive due process requirements to satisfy a proper facial challenge against the relevant statutes. At the state level, some states have laws that explicitly prohibit cartoon pornography and similar depictions, while others have only vague laws on such content.
In California such depictions specifically do not fall under state child pornography laws, while in Utah they are explicitly banned.
Legal professor Reza Banakar has since stated that "serious artistic value" is very difficult to evaluate, and that the legal task of evaluating the lack of such value cannot be executed objectively.
Due to the fact that obscenity is determined by a sitting judge or jury in reference to local standards and definitions on a state-by-state, case-by-case basis, the legality of drawn or fictitious pornography depicting minors is left in a 'gray area', much like other forms of alternative pornography.
Some states pay less mind to the contents of such materials and determine obscenity based on time and place an offense may occur, while others may have strict, well-defined standards for what a community may be allowed to find appropriate.
Others only may have vague laws or definitions which are only used to allow the government to prosecute recidivist offenders on both a federal and state level. At least four cases have been brought up by the mainstream media since the Iowa ruling. In three of these cases the perpetrator either had a prior criminal record, or was also involved with real-life child pornography which contributed to the charges.
The fourth case involved a person who was charged with actual child pornography for possessing fictional child pornography. This ended with a plea bargain to drop the "actual" bit in favor of possession of "Incest Comics". The first of these cases occurred in Octoberwhen a year-old man from Idaho named Steven Kutzner entered into a plea agreement concerning images of child characters from the American animated television show The Simpsons engaged in sexual acts.
authorities by German Federal Police who were able to obtain Kutzner's IP address. This particular address contained a known file from which actual child pornography was being shared. In this instance a search inside Audette's home also uncovered "anime child pornography". The third case is the only instance involving the mere possession of fictional child pornography.
In Octoberafter being reported by his wife, a year-old man named Christian Bee in MonettMissouri entered a plea bargain to "possession of cartoons depicting child pornography", with the U. attorney's office for the Western District of Missouri recommending a -year prison sentence without parole. The office in conjunction with the Southwest Missouri Cyber Crimes Task Force argued that the "Incest Comics" on Bee's computer "clearly lack any literary, artistic, political, or scientific value".
Christian Bee was originally indicted for possession of actual child pornography, but that charge was dropped as part of a plea deal, and was instead charged with possession of the "Incest Comics". Elmer E. Eychaner, III aged 46 was described as having a significant history of sexual offenses involving minors.
He had most recently been convicted in for child pornography crimes in federal court. During this instance Eychaner requested a laptop to search for a better job while on federal supervision. He instead violated the terms of his supervision by using the computer to look up obscene cartoon images depicting the sexual abuse of minors.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Legal status of drawn pornography depicting minors. Any kind of pornography including child pornography illegal. Any kind of child pornography real or fictional illegal. Real child pornography illegal [Note 1]. No laws against any kind of pornography, including real and fictional child pornography. Data unavailable.
Main article: Child pornography laws in Australia. Main article: Child pornography laws in Canada. Main article: Coroners and Justice Act Main article: Child pornography laws in Japan.
How to Pee Outside as a Woman. Sometimes, when you are out backpacking, camping, or hiking, you find that you really have to go to the bathroom. Unfortunately, it seems that the more you need to use the restroom, the further away it is BabyCenter is committed to providing the most helpful and trustworthy pregnancy and parenting information in the world. Our content is doctor approved and evidence based, and our community is moderated, lively, and ag4food.com thousands of award-winning articles and community groups, you can track your pregnancy and baby's growth, get answers to your toughest questions, and connect The drawings show children in various sexual positions and abuse situations. The Court of Appeal notes that such drawings are not as serious as films, or photographs of living people. This is because the drawings are not the product of actual abuse
Main article: Child pornography laws in the Netherlands. Main article: Child pornography laws in the United States. The Age. The Register. Matheson Comic Book Legal Defense Fund". Retrieved Archived from the original on 26 June One of the items is believed to be a doujinshi, or fan-made comic, of the mainstream manga series Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha. Another is believed to be a comic in the original Japanese depicting stick-figure like figures in various sexual positions.
Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 2 September Archived from the original on 5 March He has since been charged with possession and importation of child pornography and he faces a minimum of one year in prison if convicted - not to mention a reputation ruined for a lifetime. CBC News. Retrieved 1 February Lethbridge Herald. Archived from the original on 7 October ec in Spanish.
Good Picture Bad Pictures JR by Kristen Jenson
May 27, Archived from the original on January 4, Retrieved March 11, Irish Statute Book. Retrieved March 6, The Irish Times.
Retrieved March 14, Retrieved December 15, Retrieved August 2, Ars Technica. mai nr. Retrieved 22 September Prokuratura Okregowa w Zielonej Gorze in Polish. Archived from the original on 22 September Nie ma w tym przypadku mozliwosci, aby potwierdzic w sposob niepodwazalny wiek zaprezentowanej osoby - gdyz osoba taka de facto nie istnieje.
Wybrane zagadnienia opiniowania sadowo-informatycznego in Polish. European Association for Security. ISBN Informator Statystyczny Wymiaru Sprawiedliwosci in Polish.
znow trafi do wiezienia. Mial pornografie dziecieca". info in Polish.
Retrieved 19 September pl in Polish. Archived from the original on 26 January Retrieved 28 July Part 2 of Consider spanking only if you have tried all other options. Spanking should be a last resort, after issuing non-physical punishments like timeouts, grounding or denial of privileges. Spanking is illegal in many developed countries. Even if it's legal in your country, your city or region may have banned it.
Recognize that some people consider spanking to be abusive, especially if you hit hard. Never hit hard, use a tool, or leave bruises on a child. Child protective services may be called if people are concerned about you hitting your child. Read up on alternatives to spanking. Recognize the research on the consequences of spanking.
Many long-term studies have shown that spanking worsens behavior instead of improving it. After a spanking, children often feel rejected, resentful, and unloved.
Instead of learning not to misbehave, they learn not to get caught. Decide on a private place where the spanking will be administered. Spanking in front of others, especially friends or siblings, can be intensely embarrassing for your child. This can generate feelings of resentment that are counter-productive to your child learning better behavior.
Especially if you spank on your child's bare bottom, privacy is important. Spanking is already harsh. You don't want to worsen it by humiliating your child in front of people.
Warn your child that the consequence of their actions will be a spanking. The child may get upset, becoming angry, resentful, nervous, or even panicked. Crying is very natural before, during and after the spanking, and should never be punished. Try giving one last warning, like "If you do not let go of her hair by the time I count to zero, then you will get a spanking. Part of Spank with an open hand, never a tool. Using anything other than an open hand can be dangerous, and should be avoided.
If you do not think you can control yourself, then leave the room and do not give the spanking.
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Remove all rings from your fingers. These can hurt your child and be dangerous for own hands as well. You don't want anything that will obstruct the spanking or possibly hurt your child. Also, consider taking out any items in your pockets that may make it uncomfortable for your child to lie across your lap.
Bend your child over your knee.
Sit down, then pull the child over your lap. Ask your child not to stand up. Let them tell you when they are ready. Relax your hand and all your limbs, with one firm hand on their back and one on their bottom. Make sure your child isn't squirming and his or her legs are locked.
Do not talk during the spanking. Save any conversation for after the spanking is done-just get it over. Slap the child lightly, never hit hard. It doesn't take a lot of force to successfully discipline your child, and hitting too hard can cause injury or trauma. Plus, the symbolism of the act is just as important as the actual pain inflicted.
Make sure you listen to the child's responses, to know if you are hitting too hard. To avoid injury to your child you should keep a safe distance from the genital area, the coccyx and the kidneys of the child.
Affirm your child afterwards. Tell them that you will always love them, even when they make bad choices. Emphasize that you think they are a good person who just made a bad decision. Never follow up a spanking with any other kind of punishment - after the spanking should come immediate forgiveness. After a spanking, the child may think that they are a bad person, or that you don't love them. These misconceptions can lead to even worse behavior later on.
Research shows that being affectionate towards a child after a spanking can actually worsen their anxiety, not decrease it. If they want to run to their room and hide after a spanking, let them. Tell someone you trust about it like a tear, counselor, or another adult family memberthey can help you get to safety. If you're concerned about your safety at any point, you should just call the police, don't wait to tell someone until after something bad happens. Not Helpful 0 Helpful What if I know someone who is being "spanked" the wrong way, but they begged me not to tell?
I even witness it myself and it is horrible to watch. Dixie Cup. You must tell a trusted adult immediately, even though they are begging you not to tell. This is abuse and the only way it will stop is if you speak up. Not Helpful 1 Helpful Luna Rose. Your parents shouldn't treat you this way and you don't deserve it. Please talk to an adult you trust: a good tear, a parent of a friend, a clergy member, or someone else. If they do not listen, talk to someone who will.
This is a real problem, and a helpful adult can help stop this from happening to you. Not Helpful 49 Helpful Ketutar Jensen. I would question if there really is "no reason. Another option is that the child finds spanking somehow enjoyable, and in that case you need to know why. This may be an indication of abuse, or perhaps the child just needs physical closeness, a hug, or some time to sit in your lap and read a book together.
Not Helpful 64 Helpful Is it okay if my mom screams at me during a spanking, and asks if I want more? No, that's not okay.
Many people believe spanking in general is not okay, and even people who support spanking agree that spankings should never be given in anger. Screaming at a child can mean emotional abuse. Your mom should not be screaming at you and hitting you under any circumstances. Please reach out to a trusted tear, clergy member, or parent of a friend. An adult can help make sure that your mom stops this so you don't have to put up with it anymore.
Not Helpful 54 Helpful My mom says she doesn't understand why spanking can be abusive. What should I do? Do some online research and find some reputable sources that explain when and how spanking can become abusive.
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A general rule of thumb is that if a spanking leaves any visible marks besides some temporary redness, it's abuse. Show these resources to your mom and explain why they're reputable, like if they came from a nationally renowned medical organization.
No, that was not okay. A spanking should always be administered in privacy. No, this with likely cause them to lie more to avoid spankings. Instead, remove privileges or ground them. Not Helpful 4 Helpful In the modern, developed world, most children are not spanked at all.
In some European countries, spanking is illegal - and decreased spanking rates are correlated with decreased aggression, violence, and crime rates once the children grow up. There are more effective and less harmful ways to discipline a child. See How to Discipline a Child and How to Punish a Child for guidelines.
Not Helpful 11 Helpful I used to get spankings every night when I couldn't calm down in bed. Was that abusive? Your parents used spanking as a way to show you they were frustrated and angry at you for not calming down in bed.
This is abusive. They should have used calming techniques instead of spanking you. Not Helpful 2 Helpful Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.
Don't spank too often.
If you spank your child all the time most likely they will be used to it and their behavior might get worse. Instead when you are tired of spanking your child, hit their hand lightly to show them some discipline.
Helpful 1 Not Helpful 0. The best age for introducing spanking in child discipline is years. Younger children should not be spanked. Once a child is old enough to use reason, you should try reasoning with them before you try hitting them. Helpful 2 Not Helpful 0.
Avoid changing punishments based on gender.
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For example, if you are willing to reason with a girl who misbehaves, but resort to spanking immediately when a boy misbehaves, this is unfair. It can worsen any resentment the boy already feels. Instead, try to discipline boys the same way you discipline girls. When you spank your child, make sure they understand why they are being spanked.
Never spank in any type of moving vehicle, especially public transport. Helpful 5 Not Helpful 9. Be aware that if you choose to spank in public, you may be confronted by people who oppose what you are doing, even if it is technically legal. This is especially true in areas where attitudes toward spanking are hostile. Helpful 54 Not Helpful Helpful 58 Not Helpful If the school of your child uses corporal punishment, and your child gets a spanking at school, don't spank the child again at home!
Many parents do that, but it is an unfair double punishment. Helpful 49 Not Helpful Don't give any kind of additional punishments like grounding or timeout; a spanking is punishment enough. Helpful 40 Not Helpful Never spank a child anywhere other than the buttocks, especially the head or the torso. Helpful 24 Not Helpful 6. Spanking, especially on a teenager or on the bare bottom, can be considered molestation. Helpful 1 Not Helpful Don't spank children if you are not their parent, unless their parents give you their permission.
Helpful 25 Not Helpful 9. Helpful 21 Not Helpful 7. Helpful 4 Not Helpful Related wikiHows How to. How to. More References 6. Co-authors: ated: March 22, Categories: Behavioral Issues Parenting.